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By 1962, Oldenburg began creating soft sculptures from fabric, kapok (a soft material that was used to stuff furniture at that time), and foam rubber. Naugahyde, wood, chain, plastic and wire. At the Claes Oldenburg: The Sixties exhibit, museum visitors can see some of the artist's early sculptures of food and everyday items in "The Store" Thursday, Sept. 19, … There are other ones in Seattle, WAand West Palm Beach, FL. He is presently married to the art historian and critic, Coosje van Bruggen, who since 1985 has collaborated with Oldenburg on much of his work. Claes Oldenburg (born January 28, 1929) is an American sculptor, best known for his public art installations typically featuring large replicas of everyday objects. ... Oldenburg working out in his studio. His father was then a Swedish diplomat stationed in New York and in 1936 was appointed Consul General of Sweden to Chicago where Oldenburg grew up, attending the Latin School of Chicago. His large-scale sculpture, often presented in public spaces or made of soft or industria materials, exemplify the satirical and everyday qualities of Pop Art. The Swedish-born American sculptor Claes Oldenburg produced several important Happenings (notably The Store [1961]), but by the mid-1960s he was producing his distinctively surreal “soft sculptures,” consisting of vinyl-covered kapok-stuffed enlargements of objects such as hamburgers and cigarette butts. Claes Oldenburg, Clothespin, 1976. Behind him is the work “Big Tools (Screwdriver, Pliers, Hammer),” 1985. By 1960 Oldenburg had produced sculptures containing simply rendered figures, letters and signs, inspired by the Lower East Side neighborhood where he lived, made out of materials such as cardboard, burlap, and newspapers; in 1961 he shifted his method, creating sculptures from chicken wire covered with plaster-soaked canvas and enamel paint, depicting everyday objects – articles of clothing and … In 1956 he moved to New York City, where he became fascinated with the elements of street life: store windows, graffiti, advertisements, and trash. In 1977 Oldenburg married Coosje van Bruggen, his second wife. His aim is 'to get people accustomed to recognising the power of objects'. For some of his happenings Oldenburg created giant objects made of cloth stuffed with paper or rags. They worked with architect Frank Gehry on the Main Street Project (1975–84) in Venice, Calif., and Camp Good Times (1984–85) in the Santa Monica Mountains. By 1962, Oldenburg began creating soft sculptures from fabric, kapok (a soft material that was used to stuff furniture at that time), and foam rubber. While further developing his craft, he worked as a reporter at the City News Bureau of Chicago. In other words he takes ordinary things, like a stamp, and alters it into a colossal sculpture. Claes Oldenburg, in full Claes Thure Oldenburg, (born Jan. 28, 1929, Stockholm, Sweden), Swedish-born American Pop-art sculptor, best known for his giant soft sculptures of everyday objects. An artist who gained prominence for his large-scale installations in public space, and moreover for being affiliated with the Pop art movement, Claes Oldenburg has made a number of astounding sculptures which are indeed oversized replicas of everyday objects.Most of those works were realized in close collaboration with his spouse, art historian Coosje van Bruggen. Saying "Everything I do is completely original - I made it up when I was a kid," Oldenburg's pioneering work made monumental sculptures of badminton shuttlecocks and ice cream cones. An awareness of the sculptural possibilities of these objects led to a shift in interest from painting to sculpture. His first wife (1960–1970) Patty Mucha, who sewed many of his early soft sculptures, was a constant performer in his happenings. Claes Oldenburg. Another theme in his work is soft sculpture versions of everyday objects. In 1962 he began creating a series of happenings, i.e., experimental presentations involving sound, movement, objects, and people. Claes Oldenburg and His Art, Through the Years. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Claes-Oldenburg, Official Site of Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen, Guggenheim - Biography of Claes Oldenburg, The Art Story - Biography of Claes Oldenburg, Claes Oldenburg - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Advertisement. He was educated at Yale University (1946–50), where writing was his main interest, and he worked from 1950 to 1952 as an apprentice reporter for the City News Bureau in Chicago. The 51-foot-long utensil cradles a 1,200-pound maraschino cherry that sprays a cascade of water from its stem. Oldenburg and Van Bruggen made these Giant Typewriter Erasersfrom 1989-1990. This is a part of the Wikipedia article used under the Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). Van Bruggen died in 2009 after 32 years of marriage. Most visitors to the Akron Art Museum experience Claes Oldenburg’s work. In its purest form, however, American Pop was a movement… Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Oldenburg's own writings, such as Injun and Other Histories (1960) (1966), Store Days (1967), and Claes Oldenburg Notes (1968), provide insights into his philosophy and approach to art. The sculptor Claes Oldenburg was born in Stockholm but grew up in Chicago, went to Yale and came to New York in 1956, where he became a key player in the pop art … He was born in 1920s, in Silent Generation. Claes Oldenburg is known for his birthday ingenious, and oversized renditions of ordinary objects. They later divorced. In 1956, he moved to New York, and for a time worked in the library of the Cooper Union Museum for the Arts of Decoration, where he also took the opportunity to learn more, on his own, about the history of art. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Oldenburg lives and works in New York. These interests led to the work for which Oldenburg is best known: soft sculptures. So which COUNTRY does claes oldenburg make his sculptures in? Giant BLT, among the earliest of Claes Oldenburg’s soft sculptures, joins other cafeteria edibles in his work, such as the painted plaster reliefs he produced for his 1961 environment The Store, or his soft treatments of hamburgers, ice cream cones, and French fries. In the 1960s Oldenburg became associated with the Pop Art movement and created many so-called happenings, which were performance art related productions of that time. Oldenburg’s Giant Soft Fan was installed in the U.S. Pavilion at Expo 67 in Montreal, and his work was also exhibited at Expo 70 in Ōsaka, Japan. See more ideas about claes oldenburg, oldenburg, soft sculpture. With van Bruggen, Oldenburg created such large-scale sculptures as Spoonbridge and Cherry (1985–88) for the Minneapolis Sculpture Garden, as well as a soft sculpture of an oversized shuttlecock specially for a 1995 retrospective of his work at the Guggenheim Museum in New York City. Oldenburg began toying with the idea of soft sculpture in 1957, when he completed a free-hanging piec… He is not the first artist to make soft sculpture, but certainly the artist most closely associated with this medium. This began a series of successes, such as Clothespin (1976) in Philadelphia, Colossal Ashtray with Fagends at Pompidou Centre in Paris, and Batcolumn (1977), provided by the art-in-architecture program of the federal government for its Social Security Administration office building in Chicago. He is not the first artist to make soft sculpture, but certainly the artist most closely associated with this medium. Oldenburg's first recorded sales of artworks were at the 57th Street Art Fair in Chicago, where he sold 5 items for a total price of $25. Oldenburg lives and works in New York. Another theme in his work is soft sculpture versions of everyday objects. Claes Oldenburg is an American sculptor, best known for his public art installations typically featuring large replicas of everyday objects. Claes Oldenburg is an American sculptor, best known for his public art installations typically featuring very large replicas of everyday objects. A Pop Art sculptor who doesn't like labels: Claes Oldenburg, who turns 90 on January 28, made a name for himself through enormous, colorful sculptures of everyday objects. Artwork page for ‘Counter and Plates with Potato and Ham’, Claes Oldenburg, 1961 on display at Tate Liverpool. He studied literature and art history at Yale University from 1946 to 1950, then returned to Chicago where he took classes at The School of the Art Institute of Chicago. In 1962 he exhibited a version of his store in which there were huge canvas-covered, foam-rubber sculptures of an ice-cream cone, a hamburger, and a slice of cake. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The couple began to collaborate on commissions, and from 1981 her signature also appeared on their work. ROSE: This was an enormous invention, as was the fact that it’s no longer this traditional bronze material. Let’s find out! Oct 9, 2016 - Explore marijana grbac's board "Claes Oldenburg - soft sculpture" on Pinterest. Photo by John Vosburgh, via Flickr. He moved back to New York City in 1956. Another theme in his work is soft sculpture versions of everyday objects. Claes’s birth flower is Carnation and birthstone is Garnet. 1976. 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